Annals of Corporate Governance > Vol 2 > Issue 3

Microfinance: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go?

Sugato Chakravarty, Purdue University, USA, sugato@purdue.edu Mariya Pylypiv, Acrospire Investment Management, USA, mpylypiv@acrospire.com
 
Suggested Citation
Sugato Chakravarty and Mariya Pylypiv (2017), "Microfinance: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go?", Annals of Corporate Governance: Vol. 2: No. 3, pp 171-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/109.00000002

Published: 12 Jun 2017
© 2017 S. Chakravarty and M. Pylypiv
 
Subjects
Individual Decision Making,  Financial Services,  Human rights,  Principal-Agent
 
Keywords
G34 Corporate GovernanceG21 Microfinance Institutions016 Economic Development: Saving and Capital Investment
MicrofinanceMicrofinance institutionsMicrolendingEntrepreneurial ventures
 

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In this article:
1. Introduction
2. Subsidies
3. Microfinance Mechanisms
4. Positive Assortative Matching and Group Size
5. Female Borrowers
6. Microfinance Mission Drift
7. Governance of Microfinance Institutions
8. Savings to (Micro) Credit – a (Slightly) Different Perspective
9. Loan Officers
10. Packaged Product Offerings by MFIs
11. Future Direction
Acknowledgements
Appendices
References

Abstract

There is little doubt that the revolution in microfinance lending has revolutionized how we think about lending and, in particular, lending to the poorest of the poor with no collateral to pledge. There is also no doubt that the micro lending movement has been an overall success globally. However, there are increasingly emerging signs that all might not be well with the micro lending industry. The problems are not unlike that facing any rapidly growing industry and there is little doubt that the micro lending industry globally has grown in leaps and bounds, perhaps too quickly, over the past four decades fueled by its very own successes. This article summarizes the recent literature related to some of the questions that we consider important and are under researched as fodder for researchers, academics, students and policy makers to spur further thinking and research.

DOI:10.1561/109.00000002
ISBN: 978-1-68083-270-9
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ISBN: 978-1-68083-271-6
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Table of contents:
1. Introduction
2. Subsidies
3. Microfinance Mechanisms
4. Positive Assortative Matching and Group Size
5. Female Borrowers
6. Microfinance Mission Drift
7. Governance of Microfinance Institutions
8. Savings to (Micro) Credit – a (Slightly) Different Perspective
9. Loan Officers
10. Packaged Product Offerings by MFIs
11. Future Direction
Acknowledgements
Appendices
References

Microfinance: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go?

Microfinance: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go? examines micro lending, which has become a global phenomenon where small unsecured loans are made to the poorest people usually in groups so that the borrowers can invest the money in some business or related entrepreneurial venture and improve their social and economic conditions. The practice was first conceived of and operationalized by Mohammed Yunus in the villages of Bangladesh in the late seventies. Since those humble beginnings, microfinance has come a long way with almost every country around the world has some form of a microlending program usually targeted toward the very poor and there are thousands of microfinance institutions (MFIs) that are engaged in such loan making. Since inception, hundreds of articles have been written examining almost every aspect underlying these loans and how it may, or may not, impact loan repayment rates which is an important, but not the ultimate, measure of success of the Program itself. Through theoretical, empirical and experimental research, we have improved our understanding of how and why certain aspects of group and, more recently, individual lending frameworks work.

There is little doubt that the revolution in microfinance lending has revolutionized how we think about lending and, in particular, lending to the poorest of the poor with no collateral to pledge. There is also no doubt that the micro lending movement has been an overall success globally. However, there are increasingly emerging signs that all might not be well with the micro lending industry. The problems are not unlike that facing any rapidly growing industry and there is little doubt that the micro lending industry globally has grown in leaps and bounds, perhaps too quickly, over the past four decades fueled by its very own successes. Microfinance: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go? summarizes the recent literature related to some of the questions that we consider important and are under researched as fodder for researchers, academics, students and policy makers to spur further thinking and research.

 
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