Foundations and Trends® in Electronic Design Automation > Vol 2 > Issue 3

Thermally Aware Design

Yong Zhan, Cadence Design Systems, USA, yongzhan@cadence.com Sanjay V. Kumar, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, USA, sanjay@umn.edu Sachin S. Sapatnekar, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, USA, sachin@umn.edu
 
Suggested Citation
Yong Zhan, Sanjay V. Kumar and Sachin S. Sapatnekar (2008), "Thermally Aware Design", Foundations and TrendsĀ® in Electronic Design Automation: Vol. 2: No. 3, pp 255-370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/1000000007

Published: 13 Oct 2008
© 2008 Y. Zhan, S. V. Kumar and S. S. Sapatnekar
 
Subjects
Physical Design
 

Free Preview:

Article Help

Share

Download article
In this article:
1 Introduction
2 Thermal Analysis Algorithms
3 Effects on Circuit Performance
4 Thermal Optimization
5 Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Abstract

With greater integration, the power dissipation in integrated circuits has begun to outpace the ability of today's heat sinks to limit the on-chip temperature. As a result, thermal issues have come to the forefront, and thermally aware design techniques are likely to play a major role in the future. While improved heat sink technologies are available, economic considerations restrict them from being widely deployed until and unless they become more cost-effective. Low power design is helpful in controlling on-chip temperatures, but is already widely utilized, and new thermal-specific approaches are necessary. In short, the onus on thermal management is beginning to move from the package designer toward the chip designer. This survey provides an overview of analysis and optimization techniques for thermally aware design. After beginning with a motivation for the problem and trends seen in the semiconductor industry, the survey presents a description of techniques for on-chip thermal analysis. Next, the effects of elevated temperatures on on-chip performance metrics are analyzed. Finally, a set of thermal optimization techniques, for controlling on-chip temperatures and limiting the level to which they degrade circuit performance, are described.

DOI:10.1561/1000000007
ISBN: 978-1-60198-170-7
124 pp. $85.00
Buy book
 
ISBN: 978-1-60198-171-4
124 pp. $100.00
Buy E-book
Table of contents:
1: Introduction
2: Thermal analysis algorithms
3: Effects on circuit performance
4: Thermal optimization
5: Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

Thermally-Aware Design

Thermally-Aware Design provides an overview of analysis and optimization techniques for thermally-aware design. After beginning with a motivation for the problem and trends seen in the semiconductor industry, the survey presents a description of techniques for on-chip thermal analysis. Next, the effects of elevated temperatures on on-chip performance metrics are analyzed. Finally, a set of thermal optimization techniques, for controlling on-chip temperatures and limiting the level to which they degrade circuit performance, are described. Thermally-Aware Design is an invaluable reference for researchers and chip designers interested in pushing the state of the art in thermally-aware design techniques.

 
EDA-007