Foundations and Trends® in Electronic Design Automation > Vol 10 > Issue 1-2

Smart Connected Buildings Design Automation: Foundations and Trends

Mehdi Maasoumy, University of California, Berkeley, USA, maasoumy@eecs.berkeley.edu Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, University of California, Berkeley, USA, alberto@eecs.berkeley.edu
 
Suggested Citation
Mehdi Maasoumy and Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli (2016), "Smart Connected Buildings Design Automation: Foundations and Trends", Foundations and Trends® in Electronic Design Automation: Vol. 10: No. 1-2, pp 1-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/1000000043

Published: 09 Mar 2016
© 2016 M. Maasoumy and A. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli
 
Subjects
Control Applications,  Optimal Control,  Control of Delay Systems,  Control of Nonlinear Systems,  Simulation,  Modern grid architecture,  Power system analysis and computing,  Power system operation,  Systems: Grid integration
 

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In this article:
1. Introduction
2. Building Tools
3. Building Models
4. Building Control Design
5. Test-beds and Real-scale Experiments
6. Designing Building Control Systems as Cyber-Physical Systems
7. Dynamic Contracts for Building-Grid Interaction
8. Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

Abstract

Buildings are the result of a complex integration of multi-physics subsystems. Besides the obvious civil engineering infrastructure, thermal, electrical, mechanical, control, communication and computing subsystems must co-exist and be operated so that the overall operation is smooth and efficient. This is particularly important for commercial buildings but is also very relevant for residential buildings especially apartment buildings. Unfortunately, the design and deployment of these subsystems is rarely synchronized: lighting, security, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems are often designed independently. However, simply putting together a collection of sub-systems, albeit optimized, has led to the inefficient buildings of today. Worldwide, buildings consume 42% of all electrical power – more than any other asset – and it can be proven that much of this can be reduced if a holistic approach to design, deployment, and operation is taken. Government agencies, academic institutions, building contractors and owners have realized the significant impact of buildings on the global environment, the electrical grid, and the mission of their organizations. However, the economic impact for all constituencies is still difficult to assess. Government regulations can play a fundamental role, as it has been the case for the transportation industry where regulations on emission and fuel consumption have been the single most important factor of innovation in automotive design. We are convinced that by leveraging technology and utilizing a system-level approach to buildings, they will provide comfort, safety and functionality while minimizing energy cost, supporting a robust electric grid and mitigating environmental impact. Realizing this vision requires adding intelligence from the beginning of the design phase, to deployment, from commissioning to operation, all the way to the end of the building’s life cycle. In this issue, we attempt to provide an as-complete-as-possible overview of the activities in the field of smart connected building design automation that attempts to make the vision a reality. The overarching range of such activities includes developing simulation tools for modeling and the design of buildings, and consequently control algorithms proposed to make buildings smarter and more efficient. Furthermore, we will review real-world and large-scale implementation of such control strategies on physical buildings. We then present a formal co-design methodology to design buildings, taking the view that buildings are prime examples of cyber-physical systems where the virtual and physical worlds meet as more traditional products such as thermostats are able to connect online and perform complicated computational tasks to control building temperature effectively. We complete the presentation describing the growing role of buildings in the operation of the smart grid where buildings are not only consumers of energy, but are themselves also providers of services and energy to the grid. The audiences for this monograph are industry professionals and researchers who work in the area of smart buildings, smart cities, and smart grid, with emphasis on energy efficiency, simulation tools, optimal control, and cyber-physical systems for the emerging power markets.

DOI:10.1561/1000000043
ISBN: 978-1-68083-100-9
156 pp. $99.00
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ISBN: 978-1-68083-101-6
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Table of contents:
1. Introduction
2. Building Tools
3. Building Models
4. Building Control Desig
5. Test-beds and Real-scale Experiments
6. Designing Building Control Systems as Cyber-Physical Systems
7. Dynamic Contracts for Building-Grid Interaction
8. Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

Smart Connected Buildings Design Automation: Foundations and Trends

The term intelligent or smart building refers to the next generation of buildings that provide new levels of comfort to the occupants with minimum possible energy consumption. They not only follow commands but also proactively learn from occupants’ behavior and adapt their operation based on the indoor and outdoor conditions. These buildings are no longer solely consumers of energy, but also significant players in the ecosystem of the smart grid, in that they provide regulation services to the grid as well as energy if equipped with solar panels or other green sources. Intelligent buildings are not only safe by design but also react in the case of a fault, system malfunction, or cyber-attack to steer the system into a safe operating region. There has been much research in academia and industry towards this goal.

Smart Connected Buildings Design Automation: Foundations and Trends provides the reader with a broad overview of the activities in the field of smart connected building design automation that attempts to make the vision a reality. The overarching range of such activities includes developing simulation tools for modeling and the design of buildings, and consequently control algorithms proposed to make buildings smarter and more efficient. It goes on to survey real-world and large-scale implementation of such control strategies on physical buildings. It then presents a formal co-design methodology to design buildings, taking the view that buildings are prime examples of cyber-physical systems where the virtual and physical worlds meet. It concludes by describing the growing role of buildings in the operation of the smart grid.

Smart Connected Buildings Design Automation: Foundations and Trends will be of interest to industry professionals and researchers who work in the area of smart buildings, smart cities, and smart grid, with an emphasis on energy efficiency, simulation tools, optimal control, and cyber-physical systems for the emerging power markets.

 
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