Quarterly Journal of Political Science > Vol 1 > Issue 3

Religion and Preferences for Social Insurance

Kenneth Scheve, Yale University, kenneth.scheve@yale.edu David Stasavage, New York University, david.stasavage@nyu.edu
 
Suggested Citation
Kenneth Scheve and David Stasavage (2006), "Religion and Preferences for Social Insurance", Quarterly Journal of Political Science: Vol. 1: No. 3, pp 255-286. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/100.00005052

Published: 03 Jul 2006
© 2006 now Publishers
 
Subjects
Comparative politics,  Public opinion,  Public policy,  Religion and politics
 
 
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In this article:
Religion and Social Insurance
Formalizing the Argument
International Evidence
Evidence from International Individual-Level Data
Conclusion
References

Abstract

In this paper we argue that religion and welfare state spending are substitute mechanisms that insure individuals against adverse life events. As a result, individuals who are religious are predicted to prefer lower levels of social insurance than will individuals who are secular. To the extent policy outcomes reflect individual preferences, then countries with higher levels of religiosity should have lower levels of welfare state spending. In formalizing our argument we also suggest that if benefits from religion are subject to a network externality (I derive greater pleasure from religion when others are also religious), it is possible for countries that are similar in terms of underlying conditions to exhibit multiple equilibria with respect to religion and social insurance. We empirically test our predictions using individual-level data on religiosity, individual-level data on social insurance preferences, and cross-country data on social spending outcomes. The findings are strongly supportive of our hypotheses.

DOI:10.1561/100.00005052

Replication Data | 100.00005052_supp.zip (ZIP).

This file contains the data that is required to replicate the data on your own system.

DOI: 10.1561/100.00005052_supp

Online Appendix | 100.00005052_app.pdf

This is the article's accompanying appendix.

DOI: 10.1561/100.00005052_app