Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing > Vol 10 > Issue 4

Computational Visual Attention Models

Milind S. Gide, Arizona State University, USA, mgide@asu.edu Lina J. Karam, Arizona State University, USA, karam@asu.edu
 
Suggested Citation
Milind S. Gide and Lina J. Karam (2017), "Computational Visual Attention Models", Foundations and TrendsĀ® in Signal Processing: Vol. 10: No. 4, pp 347-427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/2000000055

Published: 27 Jun 2017
© 2017 M. S. Gide and L. J. Karam
 
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In this article:
1. Introduction
2. Review of Existing Computational VA Models
3. Subjective and Objective Evaluation of Computational VA Models
4. Quantitative Results
5. Conclusion
References

Abstract

The human visual system (HVS) has evolved to have the ability to selectively focus on the most relevant parts of a visual scene. This mechanism, referred to as visual attention (VA), has been the focus of several neurological and psychological studies in the past few decades. These studies have inspired several computational VA models which have been successfully applied to problems in computer vision and robotics. In this paper we provide a comprehensive survey of the state-of-the-art in computational VA modeling with a special focus on the latest trends. We review several models published since 2012. We also discuss theoretical advantages and disadvantages of each approach. In addition, we describe existing methodologies to evaluate computational models through the use of eye-tracking data along with the VA performance metrics used. We also discuss shortcomings in existing approaches and describe approaches to overcome these shortcomings. A recent subjective evaluation for benchmarking existing VA metrics is also presented and open problems in VA are discussed.

DOI:10.1561/2000000055
ISBN: 978-1-68083-280-8
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ISBN: 978-1-68083-281-5
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Table of contents:
1. Introduction
2. Review of Existing Computational VA Models
3. Subjective and Objective Evaluation of Computational VA Models
4. Quantitative Results
4: Autoregressive Modeling
5. Conclusion
References

Computational Visual Attention Models

The human visual system has evolved to have the ability to selectively focus on the most relevant parts of a visual scene. This mechanism, referred to as visual attention, has been the focus of several neurological and psychological studies in the past few decades. These studies have inspired several computational visual attention models which have been successfully applied to problems in computer vision and robotics.

Computational Visual Attention Models provides a comprehensive survey of the state-of-the-art in computational visual attention modeling with a special focus on the latest trends. By reviewing several models published since 2012, the theoretical advantages and disadvantages of each approach are discussed. In addition, existing methodologies to evaluate computational models through the use of eye-tracking data along with the visual attention performance metrics used are described. The shortcomings in existing approaches and approaches to overcome them are also covered. Finally, a subjective evaluation for benchmarking existing visual attention metrics is presented and open problems in visual attention are highlighted.

This monograph provides the reader with an in-depth survey of the research conducted to date in computational visual attention models and provides the basis for further research in this exciting area.

 
SIG-055