10. Security Challenges for Critical Infrastructures in Air Transport

By Tim H. Stelkens-Kobsch, DeutschesZentrumfürLuft- und Raumfahrte.V. (DLR), Institute of Flight Guidance, Lilienthalplatz 7, Braunschweig, Germany | Nils Carstengerdes, DeutschesZentrumfürLuft- und Raumfahrte.V. (DLR), Institute of Flight Guidance, Lilienthalplatz 7, Braunschweig, Germany | Fabian Reuschling, DeutschesZentrumfürLuft- und Raumfahrte.V. (DLR), Institute of Flight Guidance, Lilienthalplatz 7, Braunschweig, Germany | Kelly Burke, DGS S.p.A. - NIS Network Integration & Solutions S.r.l., Via XX Settembre 41, Genova 16121, Italy | Matteo Mangini, DGS S.p.A. - NIS Network Integration & Solutions S.r.l., Via XX Settembre 41, Genova 16121, Italy | David Lancelin, AIRBUS CyberSecurity, Metapole, 1 boulevard Jean Moulin, 78996 Elancourtcedex, France | Eftichia Georgiou, Center for Security Studies (KEMEA), Hellenic Ministry of Citizen Protection, P. Kanellopoulou 4, 101 77 Athens, Greece | Sven Hrastnik, Medunarodnazracnaluka Zagreb d.d., International Zagreb Airport Jsc, UlicaRudolfaFizira 1 HR - 10410 VelikaGorica, Croatia | Elena Branchini, Societa per AzioniEserciziAeroportuali(SEA) Spa, 21010 Aeroporto Milano Malpensa

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Published: 15 Sep 2021

© 2021 Tim H. Stelkens-Kobsch | Nils Carstengerdes | Fabian Reuschling | Kelly Burke | Matteo Mangini | David Lancelin | Eftichia Georgiou | Sven Hrastnik | Elena Branchini

Abstract

Airports, which are officially recognised as Critical Infrastructures (CIs) are among the World's most complex and largest systems, which operate Systemsof Systems (SoS). The main purpose of airports is to transfer passengers and goods in an efficient and safe way. To achieve this, airports are extremely dependent on data, they rely on accurate and timely information for efficient operations, utilise seamless exchanges of information across integrated systems, and support real-time decision-making for the benefit of all aviation stakeholders. Thanks to improved connectivity and the increasing use of Internet of Things (IoT), airports can manage resources more efficiently, overcome irregular processes more quickly and avoid disruptions. However, increased reliance on data and increased integration also increase the risk of malicious cyber-physical attacks that disrupt airport operations.