Annals of Science and Technology Policy > Vol 3 > Issue 3

Innovation by Design: Impact and Effectiveness of Public Support for Business Innovation

David A. Wolfe, Innovation Policy Lab, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, University of Toronto, Canada, david.wolfe@utoronto.ca
 
Suggested Citation
David A. Wolfe (2019), "Innovation by Design: Impact and Effectiveness of Public Support for Business Innovation", Annals of Science and Technology Policy: Vol. 3: No. 3, pp 258-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/110.00000014

Published: 12 Dec 2019
© 2019 D. A. Wolfe
 
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In this article:
1. Introduction
2. Economic Rationales for Business Innovation Support Programs
3. The Systems of Innovation Perspective
4. National Styles of Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies
5. Key Policies and Programs to Promote Innovation
6. Policy Instruments to Support Business Innovation
7. The Concept and Role of Policy Mixes
8. Policy Alignment Across Levels of Government
9. Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Author Biography

Abstract

As the 21st century unfolds, there is a growing recognition that the competitive global landscape is altering the context within which government support for innovation programs should be assessed. This monograph explores a number of conceptual and policy design issues relevant for the adoption of innovation policies. It reviews some of the conceptual frameworks used in leading industrial economies, as well as some countries that have experienced more rapid innovation-based (RIB) economic development. The monograph examines the program models that exist for the design and implementation of government support of business innovation at different jurisdictional levels. It places this examination within the context of two broad approaches found in the literature, the traditional neoclassical approach and more recent evolutionary approaches.

The monograph explores the existing evidence on the impact of a range of policy instruments, drawing upon several recent reviews of both the academic and more policy-oriented literature. It situates this review in the context of a discussion of the shift in focus from research to technology development to innovation-based policies over the course of the postwar period. It asks what value the "policy mixes" approach adds to our understanding of the design and implementation of government programs for the support of business innovation. Finally, it addresses the question of how the introduction of innovation programs within a federal system complicates the evaluation of their impact and creates a need for greater policy alignment. In this respect, it asks what value the multilevel governance perspective, developed initially in the EU, but adopted in other countries, contributes to our understanding of how the effectiveness of policies is supported or constrained by the behaviour of other actors within a multilevel governance system.

DOI:10.1561/110.00000014
ISBN: 978-1-68083-614-1
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Table of contents:
1. Introduction
2. Economic Rationales for Business Innovation Support Programs
3. The Systems of Innovation Perspective
4. National Styles of Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies
5. Key Policies and Programs to Promote Innovation
6. Policy Instruments to Support Business Innovation
7. The Concept and Role of Policy Mixes
8. Policy Alignment Across Levels of Government
9. Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References
Author Biography

Innovation by Design: Impact and Effectiveness of Public Support for Business Innovation

Innovation by Design: Impact and Effectiveness of Public Support for Business Innovation examines the conceptual and program models that exist for the design and implementation of government support of business innovation at different jurisdictional levels – from the national to the regional. It places this examination within the context of two broad approaches found in the literature, the traditional neoclassical approach to innovation policy and more recent evolutionary approaches. It explores the different policy approaches adopted in both leading economies, as well as several that have adopted a rapid innovation-based (RIB) approach to innovation policy and examines the relative merits of the respective approaches used by various governments.

The monograph examines the existing evidence on the impact of a range of policy instruments, drawing on several recent reviews of both the academic and more policy-oriented literature. It also introduces the concept of the "policy mix" for innovation that was introduced ten years ago in policy reviews undertaken for the European Union and OECD. It examines what value the "policy mixes" approach adds to our understanding of the design and implementation of government programs for the support of business innovation. Finally, it addresses the question of how the introduction of innovation programs within a multi-jurisdictional, or federal, system complicates the evaluation of their impact and creates a need for greater policy alignment.

 
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