Journal of Historical Political Economy > Vol 3 > Issue 4

Congress, the Harding Administration, and International Policy in the Early Interwar Period

Justin Peck, Department of Government, Wesleyan University, USA,
Suggested Citation
Justin Peck (2024), "Congress, the Harding Administration, and International Policy in the Early Interwar Period", Journal of Historical Political Economy: Vol. 3: No. 4, pp 527-554.

Publication Date: 26 Feb 2024
© 2024 J. Peck
International relations,  American political development,  Congress,  Government,  International relations,  Lawmaking,  Political history,  Political parties,  International strategy
CongressWorld War Ipartyfactionprogressive


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In this article:
Domestic Politics and Debt Repayment: The Debate 
Domestic Politics and Debt Repayment: Empirical Analysis 
The Four Power Treaty and The Durability of Intra-Senate Coalitions 


Traditional accounts of American politics depict the United States as adopting an "isolationist" or "introverted" foreign policy immediately after the Senate's dramatic failure to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, and then the GOP's overwhelming 1920 election victory. I explore this claim by describing how the 67th Congress (1921–1923) handled the first two issues with implications for America's post-war international role: Allied debt repayment and the Four Powers Treaty. By reconstructing of the congressional debate over these topics, and by analyzing votes on legislation directly relevant to each, I describe how preexisting partisan, ideological, or factional conflicts influenced the United States' approach to international politics in the immediate post-war years.



Journal of Historical Political Economy, Volume 3, Issue 4 Special Issue: The Political Economy of the Interwar Period
See the other articles that are part of this special issue.