Journal of Forest Economics > Vol 26 > Issue 1

Rural households’ participation in charcoal production in Zambia: Does agricultural productivity play a role?

Brian P. Mulenga, Oklahoma State University, pingulani@yahoo.com Protensia Hadunka, Oklahoma State University, Robert B. Richardson, Department of Community Sustainability Michigan State University, USA, rbr@msu.edu
 
Suggested Citation
Brian P. Mulenga, Protensia Hadunka and Robert B. Richardson (2017), "Rural households’ participation in charcoal production in Zambia: Does agricultural productivity play a role?", Journal of Forest Economics: Vol. 26: No. 1, pp 56-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfe.2017.01.001

Published: 0/1/2017
© 0 2017 Brian P. Mulenga, Protensia Hadunka, Robert B. Richardson
 
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Keywords
JEL Codes:Q15Q23
Agricultural productivityCharcoalForestZambia
 

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In this article:
Introduction
Estimation procedure and identification strategy
Data
Results and discussion
Conclusions

Abstract

The study uses a nationally representative dataset of smallholder farmers in Zambia to determine the effect of agricultural productivity on households’ participation in charcoal production. An instrumental variable probit approach is applied to account for the endogeneity of agricultural productivity in household's charcoal participation decision. We find a negative and significant effect of agricultural productivity on household's likelihood of participation in charcoal production. Results also show that higher education, income, asset value, and participation in off-farm employment opportunities reduce the likelihood of participation in charcoal production. Therefore, interventions seeking to reduce charcoal production in rural Zambia could benefit from improving smallholder agricultural productivity, incomes, asset base, and off-farm employment creation. However, interventions need not lose sight of other important macro-level factors.

DOI:10.1016/j.jfe.2017.01.001