Quarterly Journal of Political Science > Vol 14 > Issue 3

Border Walls and Smuggling Spillovers

Anna Getmansky, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, a.getmansky@lse.ac.uk Guy Grossman, University of Pennsylvania and EGAP, USA, ggros@sas.upenn.edu Austin L. Wright, The University of Chicago, USA, austinlw@uchicago.edu
 
Suggested Citation
Anna Getmansky, Guy Grossman and Austin L. Wright (2019), "Border Walls and Smuggling Spillovers", Quarterly Journal of Political Science: Vol. 14: No. 3, pp 329-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/100.00018094

Published: 15 Jul 2019
© 2019 A. Getmansky, G. Grossman, and A. L. Wright
 
Subjects
Econometric models: Identification,  Public policy,  Security,  War,  Civil conflict,  Law and Economics: Crime
 
Keywords
Bordercrimesmugglingdeterrencedisplacementterrorismborder wallauto-theftIsraelWest BankPalestinians
 

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In this article:
Auto Theft in Israel
Research Design
Data and Variable Description
Estimation Strategy
Results: Deterrence and Displacement
Smuggling Route Disruption
Conclusion
References

Abstract

A growing number of states are erecting physical barriers along their borders to stem the illicit flow of goods and people. Though border fortification policies are both controversial and politically salient, their distributional consequences remain largely unexplored. We study the impact of a border wall project on smuggling in Israel. We use the initial phase of the wall construction to causally estimate spillover effects on cross-border smuggling, especially vehicle theft. We find a large decrease in smuggling of stolen vehicles in protected towns and a similar substantial increase in not-yet-protected towns. For some protected towns, fortification also arbitrarily increased the length of smuggling routes. These township-level shocks further deterred smuggling (6% per kilometer). Our findings suggest that border fortification may have uneven distributional consequences, creating unintended winners and losers.

DOI:10.1561/100.00018094