Strategic Behavior and the Environment > Vol 7 > Issue 1–2

Exploring Group Cooperation in the Provision of Public Goods

David Zetland, Leiden University College, the Netherlands,
Suggested Citation
David Zetland (2017), "Exploring Group Cooperation in the Provision of Public Goods", Strategic Behavior and the Environment: Vol. 7: No. 1–2, pp 109-133.

Publication Date: 06 Dec 2017
© 2017 D. Zetland
Behavioral decision making,  Group choice and negotiation,  Environmental economics,  Industrial organization,  Collective action,  Bureaucracy
JEL Codes: C72C92D71H41Q56
Voluntary contribution mechanismIn-group/out-group comparisonsPublic goodsFree-riding


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In this article:
Cooperation, Free Riding and the Environment 
Free Riding Reduces the Supply of Non-Excludable Goods 
Designing Experiments to Understand Cooperation 
Experimental Details 
Appendix: Experimental Instructions 


A novel version of a Voluntary Contribution Mechanism game tests how player cooperation responds to changes in incentives, i.e., payoffs that depend on performance relative to different reference groups. Cooperation is greatest when players are competing against players in other four-person groups, intermediate when competition is diffused, and lowest when players compete in a zero-sum game within their own group.



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