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An infinite mixture model is applied to model-based speaker clustering with sampling-based optimization to make it possible to estimate the number of speakers. For this purpose, a framework of non-parametric Bayesian modeling is implemented with the Markov chain Monte Carlo and incorporated in the utterance-oriented speaker model. The proposed model is called the utterance-oriented Dirichlet process mixture model (UO-DPMM). The present paper demonstrates that UO-DPMM is successfully applied on large-scale data and outperforms the conventional hierarchical agglomerative clustering, especially for large amounts of utterances.