This is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence.
Downloaded: 663 times
The kernel extreme learning machine (KELM) is more robust and has a faster learning speed when compared with the traditional neural networks, and thus it is increasingly gaining attention in hyperspectral image (HSI) classification. Although the Gaussian radial basis function kernel widely used in KELM has achieved promising classification performance in supervised HSI classification, it does not consider the underlying data structure of HSIs. In this paper, we propose a novel spectral-spatial KELM method (termed as MF-KELM) by incorporating the mean filtering kernel into the KELM model, which can properly compute the mean value of the spatial neighboring pixels in the kernel space. Considering that in the situation of limited training samples the classification result is very noisy, the spatial bilateral filtering information on spectral band-subsets is introduced to improve the accuracy. Experiment results show that our method outperforms other kernel functions based on KELM in terms of classification accuracy and visual comparison.