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Deep neural networks (DNN) have solved many tasks, including image classification, object detection, and semantic segmentation. However, when there are huge parameters and high level of computation associated with a DNN model, it becomes difficult to deploy on mobile devices. To address this difficulty, we propose an efficient compression method that can be split into three parts. First, we propose a cross-layer matrix to extract more features from the teacher's model. Second, we adopt Kullback Leibler (KL) Divergence in an offline environment to make the student model find a wider robust minimum. Finally, we propose the offline ensemble pre-trained teachers to teach a student model. To address dimension mismatch between teacher and student models, we adopt a $1\times 1$ convolution and two-stage knowledge distillation to release this constraint. We conducted experiments with VGG and ResNet models, using the CIFAR-100 dataset. With VGG-11 as the teacher's model and VGG-6 as the student's model, experimental results showed that the Top-1 accuracy increased by 3.57% with a $2.08\times$ compression rate and 3.5x computation rate. With ResNet-32 as the teacher's model and ResNet-8 as the student's model, experimental results showed that Top-1 accuracy increased by 4.38% with a $6.11\times$ compression rate and $5.27\times$ computation rate. In addition, we conducted experiments using the ImageNet$64\times 64$ dataset. With MobileNet-16 as the teacher's model and MobileNet-9 as the student's model, experimental results showed that the Top-1 accuracy increased by 3.98% with a $1.59\times$ compression rate and $2.05\times$ computation rate.
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing Deep Neural Networks: Representation, Interpretation, and Applications: Articles Overview
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