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An efficient 3D scene flow estimation method called PointFlowHop is proposed in this work. PointFlowHop takes two consecutive point clouds and determines the 3D flow vectors for every point in the first point cloud. PointFlowHop decomposes the scene flow estimation task into a set of subtasks, including ego-motion compensation, object association and object-wise motion estimation. It follows the green learning (GL) pipeline and adopts the feedforward data processing path. As a result, its underlying mechanism is more transparent than deep-learning (DL) solutions based on end-to-end optimization of network parameters. We conduct experiments on the stereoKITTI and the Argoverse LiDAR point cloud datasets and demonstrate that PointFlowHop outperforms deep-learning methods with a small model size and less training time. Furthermore, we compare the Floating Point Operations (FLOPs) required by PointFlowHop and other learning-based methods in inference, and show its big savings in computational complexity.
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing Special Issue - Emerging AI Technologies for Smart Infrastructure
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